QIMRBerghofer - Targeted Lipidomics - FADS2 inhibition in FLO-1 cells

Elevation of fatty acid desaturase 2 in esophageal adenocarcinoma increases polyunsaturated lipids and may exacerbate bile acid-induced genotoxicity
  • Organism: Homo sapiens
  • Instrument: 6470A Triple Quadrupole LC/MS
  • SpikeIn: No
  • Keywords: Barrett’s Esophagus, esophageal adenocarcinoma, polyunsaturated lipids, desaturase, FADS2, reactive oxygen species
  • Lab head: Michelle Hill Submitter: Thomas Stoll
Background: Risk of esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) is associated with gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD) and obesity. Lipid metabolism-targeted therapies decrease the risk of progressing from Barrett’s esophagus (BE) to EAC, but the precise lipid metabolic changes and their roles in genotoxicity during EAC development are yet to be established. Methods: Esophageal biopsies from normal epithelium (NE), BE and EAC, were analysed using concurrent lipidomics and proteomics (n=30) followed by orthogonal validation on independent samples using RNAseq transcriptomics (n=22) and immunohistochemistry (IHC, n=80). The EAC cell line FLO-1 was treated with FADS2 selective inhibitor SC26196, and/or bile acid cocktail, followed by immunofluorescence staining for gH2AX. Results: Metabolism-focused Reactome analysis of the proteomics data revealed enrichment of fatty acid metabolism, ketone body metabolism and biosynthesis of specialized proresolving mediators in EAC pathogenesis. Lipidomics revealed progressive alterations (NE-BE-EAC) in glycerophospholipids synthesis with decreasing triglycerides and increasing phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine, and sphingolipid synthesis with decreasing dihydroceramide and increasing ceramides. Furthermore, progressive increase in lipids with C20 fatty acids and polyunsaturated lipids with ≥4 double bonds were also observed. Integration with transcriptome data identified candidate enzymes for immunohistochemistry validation: D4-Desaturase, Sphingolipid 1 (DEGS1) which desaturates DHCer to Cer, and D5, and D6-Desaturases (fatty acid desaturases FADS1 and FADS2), responsible for polyunsaturation. All three enzymes showed significant increase from BE through dysplasia to EAC, but transcript of DEGS1 was decreased suggesting post-translational regulation. Finally, the FADS2 selective inhibitor SC26196 significantly reduced polyunsaturated lipids with 3 and 4 double bonds and reduced bile acid-induced DNA double strand breaks in FLO-1 cells in vitro. Conclusions: Integrated multiomics revealed sphingolipid and phosphopholipid metabolism rewiring during EAC development. FADS2 inhibition and reduction of the high polyunsaturated lipids effectively protected EAC cells from bile acid-induced DNA damage in vitro in FLO-1 cells, potentially through reduced lipid peroxidation.
Created on 4/7/22, 9:11 PM
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