Clinical application of multiple reaction monitoring-mass spectrometry to HER2 measurements as a potential diagnostic tool for breast cancer therapy
Do M, Kim H, Yeo I, Lee J, Park IA, Ryu HS, Kim Y. Clinical Application of Multiple Reaction Monitoring-Mass Spectrometry to Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2 Measurements as a Potential Diagnostic Tool for Breast Cancer Therapy. Clin Chem. 2020 Oct 1;66(10):1339-1348. doi: 10.1093/clinchem/hvaa178. PMID: 33001186.
- Organism: Homo sapiens
- Instrument: 6490 Triple Quadrupole LC/MS
breast cancer, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE), targeted proteomics, multiple reaction monitoring-mass spectrometry (MRM-MS)
Submitter: Hyunsoo Kim
Although the determination of HER2 expression in breast cancer would be of critical importance in the clinical management related to the selection of the patients who are expected to benefit from trastuzumab therapy, the conventional techniques have inherent limitations that disqualify their use as gold standards. Specifically, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), which is mandatory for determining IHC 2+ cases, is time-consuming and economically inefficient. To address this shortcoming, we aimed to discriminate the equivocal HER2 status, which cannot be classified by the conventional method such as IHC, using a highly sensitive and quantitative MRM-MS assay.
In order to assess the agreement between MRM-MS and IHC/FISH data, the quantitative data of a HER2 peptide was normalized by junctional adhesion molecule A (JAM1) levels, which is an epithelial cell-specific protein. The normalized HER2 levels differentiated the ambiguous IHC results of. In addition, the MRM-MS data distinguished HER2-negative breast cancer from the HER2-positive breast cancer that was expected to benefit from trastuzumab therapy.
The newly developed HER2-targeted proteomic assay may provide a general strategy for complementing the limitations of conventional HER2-targeted therapeutic strategies.
We quantified HER2 protein levels in 210 breast cancer FFPE tissues by using an MRM-MS assay. It is considered that simplifying the sample preparation procedures is a prerequisite to facilitating the clinical application of HER2 quantification by our multiple reaction monitoring-mass spectrometry (MRM-MS) assay. Thus, we omitted BCA assay and tryptophan fluorescence assay for measuring protein or peptide concentration which has been conducted necessarily in sample preparation for MS-based quantitative approach. Instead, we applied the light-to-heavy peptide peak area ratio (PAR) of a junctional adhesion molecule A (JAM1), an epithelial cell-specific protein, as a normalization factor for measuring HER2 levels more accurately.
210 breast cancer formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue samples. The final cohort was composed of HER2 0 (n=30), HER2 1+ (n=30), HER2 2+/FISH-negative (n=61), HER2 2+/FISH-positive (n=59), and HER2 3+ cases (n=30).
Created on 2/23/20, 3:54 PM