MacCoss - Real-Time Chromatogram Alignment

Highly Multiplex Targeted Proteomics Enabled by Real-Time Chromatographic Alignment

  • Organism: Homo sapiens
  • Instrument: Orbitrap Fusion Lumos
  • SpikeIn: No
  • Keywords: proteomics, technology development, parallel reaction monitoring, alignment, scheduling
  • Lab head: Michael MacCoss
Abstract
Targeted mass spectrometry methods produce high quality quantitative data in terms of limits of detection and dynamic range, at the cost of a substantial compromise in throughput compared to methods such as data independent and data de-pendent acquisition. The logistical and experimental issues inherent to maintaining assays of even several hundred targets are significant. Prominent among these issues is the drift in analyte retention time as liquid chromatography (LC) columns wear -- forcing targeted scheduling windows to be much larger than LC peak widths. If these problems could be solved, pro-teomics assays would be capable of targeting 1000’s of peptides in an hour-long experiment, enabling large cohort studies to be performed without sacrificing sensitivity and specificity. We describe a solution in the form of a new method for real-time chromatographic alignment and demonstrate its application to a 56-minute LC-gradient HeLa digest assay with 1489 tar-gets. The method is based on the periodic acquisition of untargeted survey scans in a reference experiment and alignment to those scans during subsequent experiments. We describe how the method enables narrower scheduled retention time win-dows to be used. The narrower scheduling windows enables more targets to be included in the assay or proportionally more time to be allocated to each target, which improves the sensitivity. Finally, we point out how the procedure could be im-proved and how much additional target multiplexing could be gained in the future.
Experiment Description
We demonstrated application of a real-time retention time alignment method applied to a targeted proteomics assay that was able to reduce the typical scheduled acquisition duration for each target peptide to around 1 minute, compared to the 5 minute duration that might be required using traditional methods. The narrower scheduling windows led to a reduction in target density of about 3x and a 5x increase in amount of injection time per target. The implications for this assay are that the decreased scheduling duration could be used to analyze 3x more targets with the same limits of detection as the 5 minute segment duration, or alternatively achieve about 2.4x improvement in sensitivity with the current number of targets.
Sample Description
HeLa protein digest was obtained from Thermo Fisher Scientific (Pierce P/N 88328).
Created on 4/20/20, 6:39 AM
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200310_haar3_1489targets_2020-04-15_15-35-27.sky.zip2020-04-20 06:37:3811,4891,4899,1225